T-Pot Version 24.04 released

We are proud to announce the release of T-Pot 24.04! T-Pot 24.04 marks probably the largest change in the history of the project. While most of the changes have been made to the underlying platform some changes will be standing out in particular - a T-Pot ISO image will no longer be provided with the benefit that T-Pot will now run on multiple Linux distributions (Alma Linux, Debian, Fedora, OpenSuse, Raspbian, Rocky Linux, Ubuntu), Raspberry Pi (optimized) and macOS / Windows (limited).


T-Pot is the all in one, optionally distributed, multiarch (amd64, arm64) honeypot plattform, supporting 20+ honeypots and countless visualization options using the Elastic Stack, animated live attack maps and lots of security tools to further improve the deception experience.


  1. Meet the system requirements. The T-Pot installation needs at least 8-16 GB RAM, 128 GB free disk space as well as a working (outgoing non-filtered) internet connection.
  2. Download or use a running, supported distribution.
  3. Install the ISO with as minimal packages / services as possible (ssh required)
  4. Install curl: $ sudo [apt, dnf, zypper] install curl if not installed already
  5. Run installer as non-root from $HOME:
    env bash -c "$(curl -sL https://github.com/telekom-security/tpotce/raw/master/install.sh)"
    • Follow instructions, read messages, check for possible port conflicts and reboot

Table of Contents


  • You install and run T-Pot within your responsibility. Choose your deployment wisely as a system compromise can never be ruled out.
  • For fast help research the Issues and Discussions.
  • The software is designed and offered with best effort in mind. As a community and open source project it uses lots of other open source software and may contain bugs and issues. Report responsibly.
  • Honeypots - by design - should not host any sensitive data. Make sure you don’t add any.
  • By default, your data is submitted to Sicherheitstacho. You can disable this in the config (~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml) by removing the ewsposter section. But in this case sharing really is caring!

Technical Concept

T-Pot’s main components have been moved into the tpotinit Docker image allowing T-Pot to now support multiple Linux distributions, even macOS and Windows (although both limited to the feature set of Docker Desktop). T-Pot uses docker and docker compose to reach its goal of running as many honeypots and tools as possible simultaneously and thus utilizing the host’s hardware to its maximum.

T-Pot offers docker images for the following honeypots …

… alongside the following tools …

  • Autoheal a tool to automatically restart containers with failed healthchecks.
  • Cyberchef a web app for encryption, encoding, compression and data analysis.
  • Elastic Stack to beautifully visualize all the events captured by T-Pot.
  • Elasticvue a web front end for browsing and interacting with an Elasticsearch cluster.
  • Fatt a pyshark based script for extracting network metadata and fingerprints from pcap files and live network traffic.
  • T-Pot-Attack-Map a beautifully animated attack map for T-Pot.
  • P0f is a tool for purely passive traffic fingerprinting.
  • Spiderfoot an open source intelligence automation tool.
  • Suricata a Network Security Monitoring engine.

… to give you the best out-of-the-box experience possible and an easy-to-use multi-honeypot system.

Technical Architecture


The source code and configuration files are fully stored in the T-Pot GitHub repository. The docker images are built and preconfigured for the T-Pot environment.

The individual Dockerfiles and configurations are located in the docker folder.


T-Pot offers a number of services which are basically divided into five groups:

  1. System services provided by the OS
    • SSH for secure remote access.
  2. Elastic Stack
    • Elasticsearch for storing events.
    • Logstash for ingesting, receiving and sending events to Elasticsearch.
    • Kibana for displaying events on beautifully rendered dashboards.
  3. Tools
    • NGINX provides secure remote access (reverse proxy) to Kibana, CyberChef, Elasticvue, GeoIP AttackMap, Spiderfoot and allows for T-Pot sensors to securely transmit event data to the T-Pot hive.
    • CyberChef a web app for encryption, encoding, compression and data analysis.
    • Elasticvue a web front end for browsing and interacting with an Elasticsearch cluster.
    • T-Pot Attack Map a beautifully animated attack map for T-Pot.
    • Spiderfoot an open source intelligence automation tool.
  4. Honeypots
    • A selection of the 23 available honeypots based on the selected docker-compose.yml.
  5. Network Security Monitoring (NSM)
    • Fatt a pyshark based script for extracting network metadata and fingerprints from pcap files and live network traffic.
    • P0f is a tool for purely passive traffic fingerprinting.
    • Suricata a Network Security Monitoring engine.

User Types

During the installation and during the usage of T-Pot there are two different types of accounts you will be working with. Make sure you know the differences of the different account types, since it is by far the most common reason for authentication errors.

Service Account Type Username / Group Description
SSH OS <OS_USERNAME> The user you chose during the installation of the OS.
Nginx BasicAuth <WEB_USER> <web_user> you chose during the installation of T-Pot.
CyberChef BasicAuth <WEB_USER> <web_user> you chose during the installation of T-Pot.
Elasticvue BasicAuth <WEB_USER> <web_user> you chose during the installation of T-Pot.
Geoip Attack Map BasicAuth <WEB_USER> <web_user> you chose during the installation of T-Pot.
Spiderfoot BasicAuth <WEB_USER> <web_user> you chose during the installation of T-Pot.
T-Pot OS tpot tpot this user / group is always reserved by the T-Pot services.
T-Pot Logs BasicAuth <LS_WEB_USER> LS_WEB_USER are automatically managed.

System Requirements

Depending on the supported Linux distro images, hive / sensor, installing on real hardware, in a virtual machine or other environments there are different kind of requirements to be met regarding OS, RAM, storage and network for a successful installation of T-Pot (you can always adjust ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml and ~/tpotce/.envto your needs to overcome these requirements).

T-Pot Type RAM Storage Description
Hive 16GB 256GB SSD As a rule of thumb, the more sensors & data, the more RAM and storage is needed.
Sensor 8GB 128GB SSD Since honeypot logs are persisted (~/tpotce/data) for 30 days, storage depends on attack volume.

T-Pot does require …

  • an IPv4 address via DHCP or statically assigned
  • a working, non-proxied, internet connection … for a successful installation and operation.

    If you need proxy support or otherwise non-standard features, you should check the docs of the supported Linux distro images and / or the Docker documentation.

Running in a VM

All of the supported Linux distro images will run in a VM which means T-Pot will just run fine. The following were tested / reported to work:

Some configuration / setup hints:

  • While Intel versions run stable, Apple Silicon (arm64) support has known issues which in UTM may require switching Display to Console Only during initial installation of the OS and afterwards back to Full Graphics.
  • During configuration you may need to enable promiscuous mode for the network interface in order for fatt, suricata and p0f to work properly.
  • If you want to use a wifi card as a primary NIC for T-Pot, please be aware that not all network interface drivers support all wireless cards. In VirtualBox e.g. you have to choose the “MT SERVER” model of the NIC.

Running on Hardware

T-Pot is only limited by the hardware support of the supported Linux distro images. It is recommended to check the HCL (hardware compatibility list) and test the supported distros with T-Pot before investing in dedicated hardware.

Running in a Cloud

T-Pot is tested on and known to run on …

  • Telekom OTC using the post install method … others may work, but remain untested.

Some users report working installations on other clouds and hosters, i.e. Azure and GCP. Hardware requirements may be different. If you are unsure you should research issues and discussions and run some functional tests. With T-Pot 24.04.0 and forward we made sure to remove settings that were known to interfere with cloud based installations.

Required Ports

Besides the ports generally needed by the OS, i.e. obtaining a DHCP lease, DNS, etc. T-Pot will require the following ports for incoming / outgoing connections. Review the T-Pot Architecture for a visual representation. Also some ports will show up as duplicates, which is fine since used in different editions.

Port Protocol Direction Description
80, 443 tcp outgoing T-Pot Management: Install, Updates, Logs (i.e. OS, GitHub, DockerHub, Sicherheitstacho, etc.
64294 tcp incoming T-Pot Management: Sensor data transmission to hive (through NGINX reverse proxy) to
64295 tcp incoming T-Pot Management: Access to SSH
64297 tcp incoming T-Pot Management Access to NGINX reverse proxy
5555 tcp incoming Honeypot: ADBHoney
5000 udp incoming Honeypot: CiscoASA
8443 tcp incoming Honeypot: CiscoASA
443 tcp incoming Honeypot: CitrixHoneypot
80, 102, 502, 1025, 2404, 10001, 44818, 47808, 50100 tcp incoming Honeypot: Conpot
161, 623 udp incoming Honeypot: Conpot
22, 23 tcp incoming Honeypot: Cowrie
19, 53, 123, 1900 udp incoming Honeypot: Ddospot
11112 tcp incoming Honeypot: Dicompot
21, 42, 135, 443, 445, 1433, 1723, 1883, 3306, 8081 tcp incoming Honeypot: Dionaea
69 udp incoming Honeypot: Dionaea
9200 tcp incoming Honeypot: Elasticpot
22 tcp incoming Honeypot: Endlessh
21, 22, 23, 25, 80, 110, 143, 443, 993, 995, 1080, 5432, 5900 tcp incoming Honeypot: Heralding
21, 22, 23, 25, 80, 110, 143, 389, 443, 445, 631, 1080, 1433, 1521, 3306, 3389, 5060, 5432, 5900, 6379, 6667, 8080, 9100, 9200, 11211 tcp incoming Honeypot: qHoneypots
53, 123, 161, 5060 udp incoming Honeypot: qHoneypots
631 tcp incoming Honeypot: IPPHoney
80, 443, 8080, 9200, 25565 tcp incoming Honeypot: Log4Pot
25 tcp incoming Honeypot: Mailoney
2575 tcp incoming Honeypot: Medpot
6379 tcp incoming Honeypot: Redishoneypot
5060 tcp/udp incoming Honeypot: SentryPeer
80 tcp incoming Honeypot: Snare (Tanner)
8090 tcp incoming Honeypot: Wordpot

Ports and availability of SaaS services may vary based on your geographical location.

For some honeypots to reach full functionality (i.e. Cowrie or Log4Pot) outgoing connections are necessary as well, in order for them to download the attacker’s malware. Please see the individual honeypot’s documentation to learn more by following the links to their repositories.

System Placement

It is recommended to get yourself familiar with how T-Pot and the honeypots work before you start exposing towards the internet. For a quickstart run a T-Pot installation in a virtual machine.

Once you are familiar with how things work you should choose a network you suspect intruders in or from (i.e. the internet). Otherwise T-Pot will most likely not capture any attacks (unless you want to prove a point)! For starters it is recommended to put T-Pot in an unfiltered zone, where all TCP and UDP traffic is forwarded to T-Pot’s network interface. To avoid probing for T-Pot’s management ports you should put T-Pot behind a firewall and forward all TCP / UDP traffic in the port range of 1-64000 to T-Pot while allowing access to ports > 64000 only from trusted IPs and / or only expose the ports relevant to your use-case. If you wish to catch malware traffic on unknown ports you should not limit the ports you forward since glutton and honeytrap dynamically bind any TCP port that is not occupied by other honeypot daemons and thus give you a better representation of the risks your setup is exposed to.


Download one of the supported Linux distro images, follow the TL;DR instructions or git clone the T-Pot repository and run the installer ~/tpotce/install.sh. Running T-Pot on top of a running and supported Linux system is possible, but a clean installation is recommended to avoid port conflicts with running services. The T-Pot installer will require direct access to the internet as described here.

Choose your distro

Choose a supported distro of your choice. It is recommended to use the minimum / netiso installers linked below and only install a minimalistic set of packages. SSH is mandatory or you will not be able to connect to the machine remotely.

Distribution Name x64 arm64
Alma Linux Boot download download
Debian Netinst download download
Fedora Netinst download download
OpenSuse Tumbleweed Network Image download download
Rocky Linux Boot download download
Ubuntu Live Server download download

Raspberry Pi 4 (8GB) Support

| Distribution Name | arm64 | |:—————————————————————–|:—————————————————————————————————————————————————-| | Raspberry Pi OS (64Bit, Lite) | download |

Get and install T-Pot

  1. Clone the GitHub repository: $ git clone https://github.com/telekom-security/tpotce or follow the TL;DR and skip this section.
  2. Change into the tpotce/ folder: $ cd tpotce
  3. Run the installer as non-root: $ ./install.sh:
    • ⚠️ Depending on your Linux distribution of choice the installer will:
      • Change the SSH port to tcp/64295
      • Disable the DNS Stub Listener to avoid port conflicts with honeypots
      • Set SELinux to Monitor Mode
      • Set the firewall target for the public zone to ACCEPT
      • Add Docker’s repository and install Docker
      • Install recommended packages
      • Remove packages known to cause issues
      • Add the current user to the docker group (allow docker interaction without sudo)
      • Add dps and dpsw aliases (grc docker ps -a, watch -c "grc --colour=on docker ps -a)
      • Add la, ll and ls aliases (for exa, a improved ls command)
      • Add mi (for micro, a great alternative to vi and / or nano)
      • Display open ports on the host (compare with T-Pot required ports)
      • Add and enable tpot.service to /etc/systemd/system so T-Pot can automatically start and stop
  4. Follow the installer instructions, you will have to enter your user (sudo or root) password at least once
  5. Check the installer messages for errors and open ports that might cause port conflicts
  6. Reboot: $ sudo reboot

macOS & Windows

Sometimes it is just nice if you can spin up a T-Pot instance on macOS or Windows, i.e. for development, testing or just the fun of it. As Docker Desktop is rather limited not all honeypot types or T-Pot features are supported. Also remember, by default the macOS and Windows firewall are blocking access from remote, so testing is limited to the host. For production it is recommended to run T-Pot on Linux.
To get things up and running just follow these steps:

  1. Install Docker Desktop for macOS or Windows.
  2. Clone the GitHub repository: git clone https://github.com/telekom-security/tpotce
  3. Go to: cd ~/tpotce
  4. Copy cp compose/mac_win.yml ./docker-compose.yml
  5. Create a WEB_USER by running ~/tpotce/genuser.sh
  6. Adjust the .env file by changing TPOT_OSTYPE=linux to either mac or win:
    # OSType (linux, mac, win)
    #  Most docker features are available on linux
  7. You have to ensure on your own there are no port conflicts keeping T-Pot from starting up.
  8. Start T-Pot: docker compose up or docker compose up -d if you want T-Pot to run in the background.
  9. Stop T-Pot: CTRL-C (it if was running in the foreground) and / or docker compose down -v to stop T-Pot entirely.

Installation Types

Standard / HIVE

With T-Pot Standard / HIVE all services, tools, honeypots, etc. will be installed on to a single host which also serves as a HIVE endpoint. Make sure to meet the system requirements. You can adjust ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml to your personal use-case or create your very own configuration using ~/tpotce/compose/customizer.py for a tailored T-Pot experience to your needs. Once the installation is finished you can proceed to First Start.


The distributed version of T-Pot requires at least two hosts

  • the T-Pot HIVE, the standard installation of T-Pot (install this first!),
  • and a T-Pot SENSOR, which will host only the honeypots, some tools and transmit log data to the HIVE.
  • The SENSOR will not start before finalizing the SENSOR installation as described in Distributed Deployment.

Uninstall T-Pot

Uninstallation of T-Pot is only available on the supported Linux distros.
To uninstall T-Pot run ~/tpotce/uninstall.sh and follow the uninstaller instructions, you will have to enter your password at least once.
Once the uninstall is finished reboot the machine sudo reboot

First Start

Once the T-Pot Installer successfully finishes, the system needs to be rebooted (sudo reboot). Once rebooted you can log into the system using the user you setup during the installation of the system. Logins are according to the User Types:

  • user: [<OS_USERNAME>]
  • pass: [password]

You can login via SSH to access the command line: ssh -l <OS_USERNAME> -p 64295 <your.ip>:

  • user: [<OS_USERNAME>]
  • pass: [password, ssh key recommended]

You can also login from your browser and access the T-Pot WebUI and tools: https://<your.ip>:64297

  • user: [<WEB_USER>]
  • pass: [password]

Standalone First Start

There is not much to do except to login and check via dps.sh if all services and honeypots are starting up correctly and login to Kibana and / or Geoip Attack Map to monitor the attacks.

Distributed Deployment

Once you have rebooted the SENSOR as instructed by the installer you can continue with the distributed deployment by logging into HIVE and go to cd ~/tpotce folder.

If you have not done already generate a SSH key to securely login to the SENSOR and to allow Ansible to run a playbook on the sensor:

  1. Run ssh-keygen, follow the instructions and leave the passphrase empty:
    Generating public/private rsa key pair.
    Enter file in which to save the key (/home/<your_user>/.ssh/id_rsa):
    Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
    Enter same passphrase again:
    Your identification has been saved in /home/<your_user>/.ssh/id_rsa
    Your public key has been saved in /home/<your_user>/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
  2. Deploy the key to the SENSOR by running ssh-copy-id -p 64295 <SENSOR_SSH_USER>@<SENSOR_IP>):
    /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: Source of key(s) to be installed: "/home/<your_user>/.ssh/id_rsa.pub"
    The authenticity of host '[<SENSOR_IP>]:64295 ([<SENSOR_IP>]:64295)' can't be stablished.
    ED25519 key fingerprint is SHA256:naIDxFiw/skPJadTcgmWZQtgt+CdfRbUCoZn5RmkOnQ.
    This key is not known by any other names.
    Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no/[fingerprint])? yes
    /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out any that are already installed
    /usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: 1 key(s) remain to be installed -- if you are prompted now it is to install the new keys
    <your_user>@'s password:
    Number of key(s) added: 1
    Now try logging into the machine, with:   "ssh -p '64295' '<your_user>@<SENSOR_IP>'"
    and check to make sure that only the key(s) you wanted were added.
  3. As suggested follow the instructions to test the connection ssh -p '64295' '<your_user>@<SENSOR_IP>'.
  4. Once the key is successfully deployed run ./deploy.sh and follow the instructions.

Community Data Submission

T-Pot is provided in order to make it accessible to everyone interested in honeypots. By default, the captured data is submitted to a community backend. This community backend uses the data to feed Sicherheitstacho. You may opt out of the submission by removing the # Ewsposter service from ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml by following these steps:

  1. Stop T-Pot services: systemctl stop tpot
  2. Open ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml: micro ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml
  3. Remove the following lines, save and exit micro (CTRL+Q): ```

    Ewsposter service

    ewsposter: container_name: ewsposter restart: always depends_on: tpotinit: condition: service_healthy networks:

    • ewsposter_local environment:
    • EWS_HPFEEDS_FORMAT=json image: ${TPOT_REPO}/ewsposter:${TPOT_VERSION} pull_policy: ${TPOT_PULL_POLICY} volumes:
    • ${TPOT_DATA_PATH}:/data
    • ${TPOT_DATA_PATH}/ews/conf/ews.ip:/opt/ewsposter/ews.ip ```
  4. Start T-Pot services: systemctl start tpot

It is encouraged not to disable the data submission as it is the main purpose of the community approach - as you all know sharing is caring 😍

Opt-In HPFEEDS Data Submission

As an Opt-In it is possible to share T-Pot data with 3rd party HPFEEDS brokers.

  1. Follow the instructions here to stop the T-Pot services and open ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml.
  2. Scroll down to the ewsposter section and adjust the HPFEEDS settings to your needs.
  3. If you need to add a CA certificate add it to ~/tpotce/data/ews/conf and set EWS_HPFEEDS_TLSCERT=/data/ews/conf/<your_ca.crt>.
  4. Start T-Pot services: systemctl start tpot.

Remote Access and Tools

Remote access to your host / T-Pot is possible with SSH (on tcp/64295) and some services and tools come with T-Pot to make some of your research tasks a lot easier.


According to the User Types you can login via SSH to access the command line: ssh -l <OS_USERNAME> -p 64295 <your.ip>:

  • user: [<OS_USERNAME>]
  • pass: [password]

T-Pot Landing Page

According to the User Types you can open the T-Pot Landing Page from your browser via https://<your.ip>:64297:

  • user: [<WEB_USER>]
  • pass: [password]


Kibana Dashboard

On the T-Pot Landing Page just click on Kibana and you will be forwarded to Kibana. You can select from a large variety of dashboards and visualizations all tailored to the T-Pot supported honeypots.


Attack Map

On the T-Pot Landing Page just click on Attack Map and you will be forwarded to the Attack Map. Since the Attack Map utilizes web sockets you may need to re-enter the <WEB_USER> credentials.



On the T-Pot Landing Page just click on Cyberchef and you will be forwarded to Cyberchef.



On the T-Pot Landing Page just click on Elastivue and you will be forwarded to Elastivue.



On the T-Pot Landing Page just click on Spiderfoot and you will be forwarded to Spiderfoot.



T-Pot Config File

T-Pot offers a configuration file providing variables not only for the docker services (i.e. honeypots and tools) but also for the docker compose environment. The configuration file is hidden in ~/tpoce/.env. There is also an example file (env.example) which holds the default configuration.
Before the first start run ~/tpotce/genuser.sh or setup the WEB_USER manually as described here.

Customize T-Pot Honeypots and Services

In ~/tpotce/compose you will find everything you need to adjust the T-Pot Standard / HIVE installation:


The .yml files are docker compose files, each representing a different set of honeypots and tools with tpot_services.yml being a template for customizer.py to create a customized docker compose file.

To activate a compose file follow these steps:

  1. Stop T-Pot with systemctl stop tpot.
  2. Copy the docker compose file cp ~/tpotce/compose/<dockercompose.yml> ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml.
  3. Start T-Pot with systemctl start tpot.

To create your customized docker compose file:

  1. Go to cd ~/tpotce/compose.
  2. Run python3 customizer.py.
  3. The script will guide you through the process of creating your own docker-compose.yml. As some honeypots and services occupy the same ports it will check if any port conflicts are present and notify regarding the conflicting services. You then can resolve them manually by adjusting docker-compose-custom.yml or re-run the script.
  4. Stop T-Pot with systemctl stop tpot.
  5. Copy the custom docker compose file: cp docker-compose-custom.yml ~/tpotce and cd ~/tpotce.
  6. Check if everything works by running docker-compose -f docker-compose-custom.yml up. In case of errors follow the Docker Compose Specification for mitigation. Most likely it is just a port conflict you can adjust by editing the docker compose file.
  7. If everything works just fine press CTRL-C to stop the containers and run docker-compose -f docker-compose-custom.yml down -v.
  8. Replace docker compose file with the new and successfully tested customized docker compose file mv ~/tpotce/docker-compose-custom.yml ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml.
  9. Start T-Pot with systemctl start tpot.


T-Pot is designed to be low maintenance. Since almost everything is provided through docker images there is basically nothing you have to do but let it run. We will upgrade the docker images regularly to reduce the risks of compromise; however you should read this section closely.

Should an update fail, opening an issue or a discussion will help to improve things in the future, but the offered solution will always be to perform a fresh install as we simply cannot provide any support for lost data!

General Updates

T-Pot security depends on the updates provided for the supported Linux distro images. Make sure to review the OS documentation and ensure updates are installed regularly by the OS. By default (~/tpotce/.env) TPOT_PULL_POLICY=always will ensure that at every T-Pot start docker will check for new docker images and download them before creating the containers.

Update Script

T-Pot releases are offered through GitHub and can be pulled using ~/tpotce/update.sh.
If you made any relevant changes to the T-Pot config files make sure to create a backup first!
Updates may have unforeseen consequences. Create a backup of the machine or the files most valuable to your work!

The update script will …

  • mercilessly overwrite local changes to be in sync with the T-Pot master branch
  • create a full backup of the ~/tpotce folder
  • update all files in ~/tpotce to be in sync with the T-Pot master branch
  • restore your custom ews.cfg from ~/tpotce/data/ews/conf and the T-Pot configuration (~/tpotce/.env).

Known Issues

The following issues are known, simply follow the described steps to solve them.

Docker Images Fail to Download

Some time ago Docker introduced download rate limits. If you are frequently downloading Docker images via a single or shared IP, the IP address might have exhausted the Docker download rate limit. Login to your Docker account to extend the rate limit.

sudo su -
docker login

T-Pot Networking Fails

T-Pot is designed to only run on machines with a single NIC. T-Pot will try to grab the interface with the default route, however it is not guaranteed that this will always succeed. At best use T-Pot on machines with only a single NIC.

Start T-Pot

The T-Pot service automatically starts and stops on each reboot (which occurs once on a daily basis as setup in sudo crontab -l during installation).
If you want to manually start the T-Pot service you can do so via systemctl start tpot and observe via dpsw the startup of the containers.

Stop T-Pot

The T-Pot service automatically starts and stops on each reboot (which occurs once on a daily basis as setup in sudo crontab -l during installation).
If you want to manually stop the T-Pot service you can do so via systemctl stop tpot and observe via dpsw the shutdown of the containers.

T-Pot Data Folder

All persistent log files from the honeypots, tools and T-Pot related services are stored in ~/tpotce/data. This includes collected artifacts which are not transmitted to the Elastic Stack.

Log Persistence

All log data stored in the T-Pot Data Folder will be persisted for 30 days by default.
Elasticsearch indices are handled by the tpot Index Lifecycle Policy which can be adjusted directly in Kibana (make sure to “Include managed system policies”). IndexManagement1

By default the tpot Index Lifecycle Policy keeps the indices for 30 days. This offers a good balance between storage and speed. However you may adjust the policy to your needs. IndexManagement2

Factory Reset

All log data stored in the T-Pot Data Folder (except for Elasticsearch indices, of course) can be erased by running clean.sh. Sometimes things might break beyond repair and it has never been easier to reset a T-Pot to factory defaults (make sure to enter cd ~/tpotce).

  1. Stop T-Pot using systemctl stop tpot.
  2. Move / Backup the ~/tpotce/data folder to a safe place (this is optional, just in case).
  3. Delete the ~/tpotce/data folder using sudo rm -rf ~/tpotce/data.
  4. Reset T-Pot to the last fetched commit:
    cd ~/tpotce/
    git reset --hard
  5. Now you can run ~/tpotce/install.sh.

Show Containers

You can show all T-Pot relevant containers by running dps or dpsw [interval]. The interval (s) will re-run dps.sh periodically.


Blackhole will run T-Pot in kind of a stealth mode manner without permanent visits of publicly known scanners and thus reducing the possibility of being exposed. While this is of course always a cat and mouse game the blackhole feature is null routing all requests from known mass scanners while still catching the events through Suricata.
The feature is activated by setting TPOT_BLACKHOLE=DISABLED in ~/tpotce/.env, then run systemctl stop tpot and systemctl start tpot or sudo reboot.
Enabling this feature will drastically reduce attackers visibility and consequently result in less activity. However as already mentioned it is neither a guarantee for being completely stealth nor will it prevent fingerprinting of some honeypot services.

Add Users to Nginx (T-Pot WebUI)

Nginx (T-Pot WebUI) allows you to add as many <WEB_USER> accounts as you want (according to the User Types).
To add a new user run ~/tpotce/genuser.sh which will also update the accounts without the need to restart T-Pot.
To remove users open ~/tpotce/.env, locate WEB_USER and remove the corresponding base64 string (to decode: echo <base64_string> | base64 -d, or open CyberChef and load “From Base64” recipe). For the changes to take effect you need to restart T-Pot using systemctl stop tpot and systemctl start tpot or sudo reboot.

Import and Export Kibana Objects

Some T-Pot updates will require you to update the Kibana objects. Either to support new honeypots or to improve existing dashboards or visualizations. Make sure to export first so you do not loose any of your adjustments.


  1. Go to Kibana
  2. Click on “Stack Management”
  3. Click on “Saved Objects”
  4. Click on “Export objects"
  5. Click on “Export all” This will export a NDJSON file with all your objects. Always run a full export to make sure all references are included.


  1. Download the NDJSON file and unzip it.
  2. Go to Kibana
  3. Click on “Stack Management”
  4. Click on “Saved Objects”
  5. Click on “Import” and leave the defaults (check for existing objects and automatically overwrite conflicts) if you did not make personal changes to the Kibana objects.
  6. Browse for NDJSON file When asked: “If any of the objects already exist, do you want to automatically overwrite them?” you answer with “Yes, overwrite all”.


Generally T-Pot is offered as is without any commitment regarding support. Issues and discussions can be opened, but be prepared to include basic necessary info, so the community is able to help.


  • Check if your containers are running correctly: dps
  • Check if your system resources are not exhausted: htop, docker stats
  • Check if there is a port conflict:
    systemctl stop tpot
    grc netstat -tulpen
    mi ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml
    docker-compose -f ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml up
    docker-compose -f ~/tpotce/docker-compose.yml down -v
  • Check individual container logs: docker logs -f <container_name>
  • Check tpotinit log: cat ~/tpotce/data/tpotinit.log

RAM and Storage

The Elastic Stack is hungry for RAM, specifically logstash and elasticsearch. If the Elastic Stack is unavailable, does not receive any logs or simply keeps crashing it is most likely a RAM or storage issue.
While T-Pot keeps trying to restart the services / containers run docker logs -f <container_name> (either logstash or elasticsearch) and check if there are any warnings or failures involving RAM.

Storage failures can be identified easier via htop.


T-Pot is provided as is open source without any commitment regarding support (see the disclaimer).

If you are a security researcher and want to responsibly report an issue please get in touch with our CERT.


Please report issues (errors) on our GitHub Issues, but troubleshoot first. Issues not providing information to address the error will be closed or converted into discussions.

Use the search function first, it is possible a similar issue has been addressed or discussed already, with the solution just a search away.


General questions, ideas, show & tell, etc. can be addressed on our GitHub Discussions.

Use the search function, it is possible a similar discussion has been opened already, with an answer just a search away.


The software that T-Pot is built on uses the following licenses.
GPLv2: conpot, dionaea, honeytrap, suricata
GPLv3: adbhoney, elasticpot, ewsposter, log4pot, fatt, heralding, ipphoney, redishoneypot, sentrypeer, snare, tanner
Apache 2 License: cyberchef, dicompot, elasticsearch, logstash, kibana, docker
MIT license: autoheal, ciscoasa, ddospot, elasticvue, glutton, hellpot, maltrail
Unlicense: endlessh
Other: citrixhoneypot, cowrie, mailoney, Elastic License, Wordpot
AGPL-3.0: honeypots
Public Domain (CC): Harvard Dataverse


Without open source and the development community we are proud to be a part of, T-Pot would not have been possible! Our thanks are extended but not limited to the following people and organizations:

The developers and development communities of

The following companies and organizations

… and of course **you for joining the community!**

Thank you for playing 💖


One of the greatest feedback we have gotten so far is by one of the Conpot developers:
“[…] I highly recommend T-Pot which is … it’s not exactly a swiss army knife .. it’s more like a swiss army soldier, equipped with a swiss army knife. Inside a tank. A swiss tank. […]”

And from @robcowart (creator of ElastiFlow):
“#TPot is one of the most well put together turnkey honeypot solutions. It is a must-have for anyone wanting to analyze and understand the behavior of malicious actors and the threat they pose to your organization.”

Thank you!